As the result of a Protocol to the EEC Convention on Jurisdiction and Enforcement of Civil and Commercial Judgments, the European Court of Justice was express given jurisdiction to interpret the Convention’s provisions. The European Court, in interpreting the Convention, has adopted Community solutions and common Community law definitions. In addition, the European Court has narrowly construed exceptions to the Convention’s basic principles. The Court has also attempted to guarantee equality of treatment. In this article, Mrs. Freeman examines the European Court’s application of these principles in light of the Convention’s purpose and structure.