Part I of this comment chronicles the historical events leading to the promulgation of the Helms-Burton Act. Part II provides an overview of Ti- tle I of the Helms-Burton Act. Part I then analyzes Title III and de- scribes why Title III will not protect the property rights of U.S. citizens or deter enough foreign business investment in Cuba to expedite the collapse of Castro’s regime. Next, Part IV details the it-for-tat legal retaliation that has stemmed from Title I’s enactment, and Part V discusses the legality of Title mI’s private right of action. Finally, Part VI recommends that Title I’s private right of action should be permanently repealed and proposes an alternative mechanism that would accomplish Title II’s objectives.